Thalassemia or Blood Disorder

An easy-to-understand review that explains the causes, symptoms, and treatment of blood disorders or disorders, which are caused by genetic disorders, which control the production of hemoglobin in the blood.

What Is Thalassemia?

Thalassemia is a combination of blood diseases caused by irregular hemoglobin production. Hemoglobin is a protein found in red microbes that work to bring oxygen to the body. Thalassemia is also hereditary anemia. The disease is found in the Middle East, Africa, or Asia. There are many types of thalassemia. It can range from asymptomatic to fatal Very mild thalassemia, so it means you have the disease and your red blood cells are smaller than normal, but you are healthy. Thalassemia Major is also fatal. Maybe people who have Alpha Thalassemia Major are still in childhood Beta thalassemia requires constant blood transfusions. There are other types of thalassemia that are not very severe.

Signs And Symptoms Of Thalassemia:

Symptoms of thalassemia major begin in the newborn, similar to those of anemia patients. Are the same as?

  • Yellowing of the skin
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Difficulty breathing

Reasons:

The disorder in the blood is caused by a defect in a gene that causes the production of hemoglobin Children to inherit this gene from one or both parents. If a child inherits a bad gene from both parents, he or she has major thalassemia If one of the two takes it from the parents, then it is thalassemia minor. Then this baby is the carrier of the bad gene.

Hereditary Beta Thalassemia:

The chromosome distribution chart for both males and females contains the beta-thalassemia gene in one of the two chromosomes. In this example, both parents are carriers of Beta thalassemia. They may also be anemic. Their children can inherit one, two, or three copies. If a child inherits a copy of this gene, he or she becomes a carrier like his or her parents. If a child inherits two copies, he or she inherits beta-thalassemia [i.e., severe or mild anemia].

How Can A Doctor Help A Child With Thalassemia?

You have seen all the signs and symptoms of this disease in your child. Tell your doctor. Only after a blood test can the disease be diagnosed. Thalassemia Minor does not require any treatment, while Thalassemia Major does not require any treatment. Blood transfusions are needed every month, which increases the amount of iron in the blood Yes, and it increases the risk of liver damage. Medicines are given to treat this damage, which leads to excess iron Decreases occur.

Avoid:

People with any type of thalassemia need genetic counseling from birth. Pre-tests can also be done

Complications:

A child with impaired blood disease can throw stones at the leaves. There may be a decrease in growth. If left untreated, it can lead to heart failure or infection can be the cause of death, the biggest complication when treatment begins there is more iron in the blood.

When to seek medical help:

If your child has symptoms of anemia, see your child’s doctor immediately if you have a family history of thalassemia, you should contact: It is also important to get your blood tested, which means you are a carrier.

Key points:

Thalassemia is a blood disorder caused by a defect in this gene. Which produces hemoglobin. Thalassemia is hereditary anemia found in the Middle East, Africa, or Asia. Children with thalassemia have yellow eyes and difficulty breathing Happens. Major thalassemia requires a blood transfusion every month.

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