Discovery And Early Use Of Tea
Tea was discovered about 15,000 years ago. It is said that China. In Shen Ya Sen, Emperor Shen Nong II (whose reign lasted from 2737 BC to 2697 BC) discovered tea along with other herbs for healing. Shen Nong means the Messiah of China. Tea is made from the leaves of an evergreen shrub. In the beginning, green leaves were pressed to make tikis, which were fried. Onions at the time of use. Boiled with ginger and Orange, which is called soup in English, is made and drunk to treat gastroenteritis, vision, and other ailments.
Tea As A Beverage
In the 7th century AD, tea leaves were crushed, boiled in water, mixed with a little salt and drunk. This use continued until the beginning of the tenth century. Meanwhile, the tea reached Tibet and then India, Turkey, and Russia via the Silk Road.
Tea As A Leaf
By 850, instead of making tea leaves, it was used as a dried leaf. In the tenth or eleventh century, the practice of pouring hot water into a teacup became common. Chou Yuan Chang, who lived from 1368 to 1399, issued an order in 1391 that the next tea would be left in the form of a leaf and no tikis would be made. The main reason for this was to stop the waste of making pillows and then stealing.
The Invention of the Teapot
The teapot was born in the early sixteenth century. At that time, tea beans were made from red clay, which was cooked in the fire, then cups were made in the same way. Such teapots and cups are still used in China.
Tea Trip to Europe
In the second half of the sixteenth century, the Portuguese arrived in eastern China and were allowed to set up a trading post in Macau on the condition that they keep the area free of pirates. Remember, the British did not allow the Chinese to set foot on their territory at all and did not allow trade until the end of the seventeenth century. The tea had already reached Europe via the Turks via the Silk Road. But Portuguese traders caused Chinese tea to be shipped directly to Europe.
Beginning Of Tea Houses in Europe
In Europe, tea was popularized by Dutch traders. They built teahouses with their homes in the seventeenth century. The first tea house in Oxford, named Coffee House, was built in 1650, and after 1660 London began to be filled with coffee houses, the number of which reached 2000 by 1682.
Discovery of Black Tea and Invention of White Sugar Pots
In the late seventeenth century, someone invented the method of fermentation during the process of drying leaves, which later appeared in the form of black tea, the tea that is now drunk with or without milk. This black tea is also a kind of intoxicant, which, if taken, is very difficult to give up. To make it normal, its color was propagated to be beautiful. So white clay teapots and cups began to be made to see the color.
Discovery Of British Black Tea
To compete with China, the British acquired tea plants and seeds in the 19th century and began experimenting with tea cultivation in India. During this effort, in the early twentieth century, in 1905, the British discovered through the Philippines that a wild species of tea plant existed in the hills of Assam, and the botanical name of the tea plant is Camellia sinensis. Thus, its regular cultivation started in India and black tea was produced, the production of which has now exceeded 200,000 metric tons. During World War II, the British introduced black tea to India. Only black tea is produced in India and Sri Lanka.
The Difference between Green Tea and Black Tea
There is a difference in their preparation for drinking green tea and black tea. To make black tea, the leaves are fermented before they are dried. It is also prepared by putting a leaf in boiling water for drinking. Green tea leaves are made by carefully drying them, and drinking them requires pouring hot water at about 70 degrees Celsius.